Chennai | Wikipedia audio article

This is an audio version of the Wikipedia Article:

00:02:40 1 Etymology
00:04:45 2 History
00:10:03 3 Environment
00:10:12 3.1 Geography
00:13:00 3.2 Geology
00:13:40 3.3 Flora and fauna
00:15:12 3.4 Environment conservation
00:15:50 3.5 Climate
00:17:36 3.5.1 NE Monsoon in Chennai
00:18:48 3.6 Land usage
00:19:30 4 Administration
00:21:53 4.1 Law and order
00:23:48 4.2 Politics
00:26:40 4.3 Utility services
00:28:59 5 Architecture
00:33:10 6 Demographics
00:33:19 6.1 Population
00:33:57 6.2 Languages
00:35:17 6.3 Religion and Ethnicity
00:35:55 7 Housing
00:37:41 8 Arts and culture
00:37:50 8.1 Museums and art galleries
00:38:47 8.2 Music and performing arts
00:40:42 9 Cityscape
00:41:35 9.1 Tourism and hospitality
00:43:02 9.2 Entertainment
00:43:59 9.3 Recreation
00:46:44 9.4 Shopping
00:47:38 10 Economy
00:53:45 10.1 Communication
00:55:33 10.2 Power
00:57:34 10.3 Banking and Finance
01:00:16 10.4 Health care
01:01:43 10.5 Waste management
01:02:24 11 Transport
01:02:33 11.1 Air
01:03:43 11.2 Rail
01:04:41 11.3 Metro Rail
01:06:21 11.4 Road
01:08:55 11.5 Sea
01:09:52 12 Media
01:13:01 13 Education
01:16:06 14 Sports and recreation
01:19:46 14.1 City based teams
01:19:55 15 International relations
01:20:04 15.1 Foreign missions
01:21:01 15.2 Twin towns – Sister cities
01:21:16 16 See also

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“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
– Socrates

Chennai ( (listen); also known by its former name Madras (listen) or ) is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world. Chennai is among the most visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked the 43rd most visited city in the world for the year 2015. The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Chennai attracts 45 percent of health tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed “India’s health capital”. As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems.Chennai had the third-largest expatriate population in India at 35,000 in 2009, 82,790 in 2011 and estimated at over 100,000 by 2016. Tourism guide publisher Lonely Planet named Chennai as one of the top ten cities in the world to visit in 2015. Chennai is ranked as a beta-level city in the Global Cities Index, and was ranked the best city in India by India Today in the 2014 annual Indian city survey. In 2015 Chennai was named the “hottest” city (worth visiting, and worth living in for long term) by the BBC, citing the mixture of both modern and traditional values. National Geographic mentioned Chennai as the only South Asian city to feature in its 2015 “Top 10 food cities” list. Chennai was also named the ninth-best cosmopolitan city in the world by Lonely Planet. In October 2017, Chennai was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN) list for its rich musical tradition.The Chennai Metropolitan Area is one of the largest municipal economies of India. Chennai is nicknamed “The Detroit of India”, with more than one-third of India’s automobile industry being based in the city. Home to the Tamil film industry, Chennai is also known as a major film production centre. In January 2015, it was ranked third in terms of per capita GDP. Chennai has been selected as one of the 100 Indian cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart Cities Mission.